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This article is part of the series on the. Literature Poetry Music Comics Philosophy. Verb conjugation. Orthography Braille. Emilian ; Romagnol Forlivese ;.
Emilian and Romagnol have been assigned two different ISO codes egl and rgn , respectively. Tabarchino ; Mentonasc ; Intemelio ; Brigasc. Romanesco ; Sabino ; Marchigiano. Abruzzese ; Cosentino ; Bari dialect. Salentino ; Southern Calabrian. Outlying dialect of Corsican , sometimes considered part of Sardinian.
Linguistic Field(s): History of Linguistics | CEDOCH
Italiot Greek. Griko Salento ; Calabrian Greek. Tyrolean dialects. Austrian German is the usual standard variety.
Sardinian Sardinian Campidanese Logudorese. And it is recognized as a minority language in three other countries: Slovenia, Croatia and Brazil. Slightly more than one million people speak Italian in the United States, although the number of Americans with Italian roots is far higher, at around 17 million. There's debate as to what the first document written in Italian is, because it's hard to tell where Vulgar Latin ended and Latin began.
The two main contenders are the Veronese Riddle - a scribble by a monk on a piece of parchment, likening ox ploughing fields to a pen on a page - and the Placiti Cassinesi - some legal documents about a property dispute. Thrilling stuff. Most linguists agree that the latter is the first true example of Italian, since the Veronese Riddle has too many features which are ambiguous or obviously Latin.
Anyone who's been through the Italian school system will have read it or at least bluffed their way through a few classes on the book , and it's a good read, giving a great insight into Italy under Spanish rule and told through the lives of a peasant couple. It's available in English translation too. Manzoni agonized over writing it, spending four years on revisions and 'purification' of the language - which he achieved by spending time in Florence.
- History of the Italian Language?
- Course overview?
- The History of Linguistics in Italy!
The purity of the Italian language is fiercely protected by the Accademia della Crusca , a society of linguists based in Florence. When Italy was unified in , only 2.
Now, that figure is in the high 90s, though around five percent speak only or predominantly in their regional language. Italian has some very close relatives. Its vocabulary is 89 percent shared with French, 88 percent with Catalan, 85 percent with Sardinian, 82 percent with Spanish and Portuguese, and 77 percent with Romanian.
Italian is the fourth most studied language in the world - an impressive feat, considering Italy's relatively small size. Want to show off? The longest word in the Italian language is generally said to be 'precipitevolissimevolmente' meaning 'very quickly', but at 26 letters, it is surpassed by some medical terms such as letter 'esofagodermatodigiunoplastica' which refers to a kind of plastic surgery. And we think this is cheating, but there are also numbers such as the mammoth letter-long 'quattrocentocinquantaquattromilacinquecentoquarantaquattresimo' - that's the written form of ',th'.
They refer, respectively, to someone who sells or produces gravel, and someone who sells or produces leather goods. A few words contain four consecutive consonants , including 'substrato ' substrate , ' sanscrito' Sanskrit , inscritto inscribed and ' instradare' to direct.
Italian loves double consonants, but you'll rarely find an instance of double 'q'.http://lastsurestart.co.uk/libraries/phones/3900-instagram-locate.php
The History of Linguistics in Italy 33
One of the few words it features in is 'soqquadro' , which can be translated as 'disarray' or 'shambles'. When we say Italian loves double consonants, we mean it really, really loves them. With Free Saver Delivery. Facebook Twitter Pinterest Share. Description Reviews More Details.
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